Definitions

Acne: A skin condition characterized by the excess production of oil from sebaceous glands in which the pores become blocked with dead skin cells, resulting in the formation of comedones (“black heads” and “white heads”)

Acne scar: Scars that form due to severe acne. They can range from deep pits to scars that are angular or wavelike in appearance.

Age spots: Small flat pigmented spots that are most often seen on areas of the body (face, hands, and arms) that have been exposed to the sun over a period of years. Age spots usually occur after the age of 40.

Alopecia: The complete or partial loss of hair.

Crow’s feet: The fine lines found around the eyes, caused by muscles that attach to the skin. They can be made worse by sun exposure and smoking.

Dermabrasion: A surgical procedure in which a patient’s skin, scarred from acne, pox, or other causes, is sanded down to remove the top layers. The skin then heals with a smoother surface.

Exfoliate: To remove the top layer of skin. Chemical peels and dermabrasion are examples of methods in which the skin is exfoliated.

Frown Lines: Glabellar Frown Lines are vertical lines between the brows

Horizontal Forehead lines or worry lines are the horizontal lines across the forehead.

Hyperpigmentation: A skin condition in which there is excessive pigmentation, often seen as dark spots on the skin such as café-au-lait spots.

Hypertrophic scar: A raised and red scar, similar to a keloid scar, but different in that it stays within the boundaries of the injury site.

Hypopigmentation: A skin condition in which there is a lack of pigmentation

Keloid scar: A type of scar that continues to grow beyond the site of an injury. This type of scar is caused by too much collagen forming while the skin is being repaired. The tendency to develop keloid scars is genetic.

Lentigines: See age spots.

Melasma: A condition in which pigmentation of the forehead, temples or cheeks of the face darkens with tan or brown patches. This condition occurs in half of all women during pregnancy.

Micropigmentation: A form of tattooing commonly used to apply permanent makeup by injecting iron oxide pigment into the middle layer of your skin (dermis)

Photoaging: The changes that occur to the skin due after extended exposure to the sun. This includes wrinkles and age spots.

Port-wine stain: A type of hemangioma characterized by a mark on the skin that resembles the rich red color of port wine. Port-wine stains are caused by an abnormal concentration of capillaries. This type of birthmark is also referred to as nevus flammeus.

Rosacea: A skin disease of unknown causes that has an array of symptoms, including redness and puffiness on several areas of the face, including cheeks and nose. Rosacea cannot be cured, but treatment should be sought since the condition can worsen over time if not treated correctly.

Periorbital Lines are lines that form around the eyes

Preauricular Lines are lines around the ears

Marionette lines run from the corners of the mouth down to the chin.

Nasolabial folds also know as “smile lines” or “laugh lines“are the deep wrinkles or lines that deepen with age running from the bottom of the nose to the corners of the mouth.